These pictures are made in the Kosovo-Albanian border, in March 1999, following the Red Cross, during the Albanians exodus from Kosovo.
In 1999 NATO launched an air war against Serbia.
The Kosovo crisis was one of the worst humanitarian disasters in Europe since World War II. During the conflict, Serbian forces and paramilitaries implemented a systematic campaign to ethnically cleanse Kosovo. Approximately, 10,000 Kosovo Albanians were killed by Serb forces. Over 1.5 million Kosovo Albanians were forcibly expelled from their homes. Cramped in cold, crowded buses, trucks and tractor-hauled carts, tens of thousands of Kosovo Albanians lumbered up zigzagging mountain roads to escape alleged Serb atrocities in their homeland.
The provision of humanitarian aid, undertaken since early 1998, had already been an increasingly difficult task given the intensity of the fighting and Serb policies that obstructed aid deliveries. Securing the fleeing population’s immediate safety and setting up enough refugee camps in a short amount of time were among the most pressing problems.