Sierra Leone has suffered from conspicuously constrained economic growth. In spite of this negative development, the mining sector is believed to be the only sector that can easily contribute significantly to the country’s economic recovery and development process.
The mining sector in Sierra Leone of which diamonds play a central role, was no doubt, the economic nerve center for the growth and development of the country in the 1960s and 1970s. It was a major source of revenue for the government and its proper management had a significant implication in the economic, social and even political life of the people of Sierra Leone. With bad politics, poor management and downward economic trends, the diamond sector became mismanaged, uncoordinated; illegality prevailed and eventually collapsed.
The 11-year brutal rebel war (1991-2002) was partly a result of this unfortunate situation that ended up drilling the last nail in the death coffin of the mining sector.