In 1944, Stalin accused the Chechen people of collaboration with the Nazis and exiled them to central Asia and Siberia. Over the following decade Soviet citizens of numerous ethnic backgrounds came to live in Chechnya, starting a process of integration. It was only in 1957, during Khruschev’s time, that the Chechens themselves slowly began to migrate back to their homeland.


With the break-up of the Soviet Union in 1991, Chechnya’s goal to become an independent Islamic state received surprisingly little reaction from the Kremlin. The reply finally came in late 1994, as Yeltsin began to hint at an armed solution to the situation.


In December 1994, during a military build-up in Chechnya, Russia’s Defense Minister, Pavel Grachev, boasted that he would need only hours and one division of storm troopers to take the Chechen capital, Grozny. The attack began on New year’s eve, 1994. It was to become the beginning of one hundred years of War. 
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CHECHNYA 1994-2003 Khankala. February 1997. Located just outside of Grozny, Khankala is the site of russian headquarters in Chechnya. This nearby field is the site of a mass grave. Dozens of unide
Urus Martan. January 1995.
CHECHNYA 1994-2003 Sergenyurt, july 1996. Belita is a survivor of Stalin's mass deportation of chechen and Ingush people wich began on the "night of terror" on February 23, 1944. Both her parents
Grozny, August 1996.Railway station.
Grozny. May 2000.
Chechnya, Grozny, Ingushetia, refugees staying in train carriage
Ingushetia, June 2000. Sleptovsk-Sputnik refugee camp.
Downtown Grozny, April 2001 "Zelina" : the tragedy of this war has marked everything, buildings, men, women, children, and the broken-hearted. She peers out her window in her ap