In the Democratic Republic of Congo, as many as 500,000 women and children have been raped in acts of war. Sexual violence has become so widespread that the UN’s Margot Wallstrom, described Congo as the ‘rape capital of the world’. Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders) says that over half of all the rape cases it deals with worldwide are in DRC. The UN now recognize sexual violence used in armed conflict as a war crime. This will not stop the crime immediately, nor will it erase the physical and psychological damage suffered by those abused. Optimists say that it is a move in the right direction. Others believe that without concrete actions – steps taken to address the route cause of the conflict and lawlessness, rape will continue to be used as a weapon of war.