Rising Sea Levels: Coral Reefs and Mangroves, Issues and Solutions

 

The Small Island Development States (SIDS) are on the forefront of climate change and are most vulnerable to rising sea levels. For instance, the land in countries such as Kiribati and the Maldives is not more then two metres above sea level.

 

Grenada, Jamaica and the Seychelles may seem to be in a better position due to the fact that they are mountainous, but their coastal regions serious threat. These are the areas where infrastructure and economic assets are at stake – cities, towns, airports, seaports, oil storage, generators, etc.

 

Islands in the tropics are often protected by coral reefs, which are also crucial ecosystems. Over the years many reefs have died or deteriorated. Reasons for this include the effects of El Nino, dynamite fishing, warming seas – which often results in bleaching of the reefs, etc. With rising sea levels, these coastal areas are therefore eroding faster then ever.

 

Mangroves are just as crucial as reefs. Over the years many mangroves have disappeared due to coastal development, pollution and rising seas. Mangroves can be grown in nurseries, but it takes a long time before the plants have a considerable size.

Grenada, reefs & erosion
Seychelles, adaptation solutions
Seychelles, adaptation solutions
Grenada, reefs & erosion
Jamaica, rising seas, adaptation
Jamaica, rising seas, adaptation
Jamaica, rising seas, adaptation
Jamaica, rising seas, adaptation
Seychelles, adaptation solutions
Grenada, reefs & erosion
Jamaica, rising seas, adaptation
Grenada, reefs & erosion