Strategically positioned like a cushion between Black Christian and Arab Islamic Africa, the Nuba Mountains are located in the center of Africa’s largest country. The Nuba sought refuge in the mountains when they rebelled against the sharia (Islamic) law imposed by the government in Khartoum in 1983 and joined sides with southern Sudan (largely black animist and Christians) in the war.

The Nuba population has been subject to ethnic cleansing, the forced “Arabization” of the population, repeated aerial bombings of schools, hospitals, refugee camps, churches and other civilian targets. The conflict has caused at least 2 million deaths and over 4 million displaced.

Early in June 2011, the Nuba population has once again been targeted by ethnic cleansing performed by the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and other paramilitary forces, after violence exploded in the North’s only oil-producing state of South Kordofan, following contested elections and a failed disarmament campaign in the state.

Francesco Zizola traveled several times to the Nuba Mountains between 1997 and 2005 and has documented the Nuba’s struggle, as they sought to survive and maintain their traditions in one of the most remote places in Africa. Please also visit the project page about the Nuba in Sudan.

Strategically positioned like a cushion between black Christian and Arab Islamic Africa, the Nuba Mountains are located in the center of Africa's largest country. The Nuba sought refuge in the Mountains when they rebelled against the Sharia (Islamic) law
Strategically positioned like a cushion between black Christian and Arab Islamic Africa, the Nuba Mountains are located in the center of Africa's largest country. The Nuba sought refuge in the Mountains when they rebelled against the Sharia (Islamic) law
Nuba Mountains, Sudan. February 2002. Nuba child at school.
Nuba Mountains, 28 February 2002
Nuba Mountains, Sudan. February 2002. A training session of SPLA (Sudan People's Liberation Army) soldiers.
Nuba children.
Nyabroro Village, Nuba Mountains, Sudan. March 1997. Young Nuba.
Nuba Mountains, Sudan. March 1997. Nuba warriors praying in the mosque destroyed by Sudanese Government Army.
Outskirts of Gedil, Nuba Mountains, Sudan. March 1997. Nuba fighters.
Nuba Mountains, Sudan - January 1998. On the airstrip.
Nuba Mountains, Sudan - January 2001. Inside a hut.
Nuba Mountains, Sudan. February 2002. SPLA (Sudan People's Liberation Army) soldiers on patrol.
Nuba Mountains, Sudan. February 2002. Nuba children.
Strategically positioned like a cushion between black Christian and Arab Islamic Africa, the Nuba Mountains are located in the center of Africa's largest country. The Nuba sought refuge in the Mountains when they rebelled against the Sharia (Islamic) law
Near Kalkada Village, Nuba Mountains, Sudan. March 1997.
Tira Limon, Nuba Mountains, Sudan. May 1998. A farmer burning his fields.
Nuba Mountains, Sudan. February 2002. Returning from fields.
The Nuba
Nyabroro, Nuba Mountains, Sudan. March 1997. Giving birth in a Nyabroro hut.
Strategically positioned like a cushion between black Christian and Arab Islamic Africa, the Nuba Mountains are located in the center of Africa's largest country. The Nuba sought refuge in the Mountains when they rebelled against the Sharia (Islamic) law
Tira Limon, Nuba Mountains, Sudan. January 2001. A wrestling match . A Nuba tradition that has endured and Êallowed them to survive and foster tribal and inter-tribal relationships.
Strategically positioned like a cushion between black Christian and Arab Islamic Africa, the Nuba Mountains are located in the center of Africa's largest country. The Nuba sought refuge in the Mountains when they rebelled against the Sharia (Islamic) law
Kalkada Village, Nuba Mountains, Sudan. March 1997. Woman carrying water.
Strategically positioned like a cushion between black Christian and Arab Islamic Africa, the Nuba Mountains are located in the center of Africa's largest country. The Nuba sought refuge in the Mountains when they rebelled against the Sharia (Islamic) law
Strategically positioned like a cushion between black Christian and Arab Islamic Africa, the Nuba Mountains are located in the center of Africa's largest country. The Nuba sought refuge in the Mountains when they rebelled against the Sharia (Islamic) law