Amsterdam has a population of around 900.000. Amsterdam produces on average around one million tons of waste per year.
Everything what people throw in their garbage bag goes to the incinerator, after the process metals are being sorted out. The plant plans to open a new facility by the end of this year, which will take out plastics and other recycles, but due to the capacity, will not be able to serve to the whole volume. The incinerator also receives British household waste: the UK doesn’t have enough incinerators and Amsterdam has an overcapacity. The risk of incineration is also that they need waste as fuel, which could mean that there is less separated.
Paper and glas are pretty well separated by the population of Amsterdam, plastic is starting. At all shops you have to pay now to receive a plastic bag. A total of around 28% of waste is being recycled currently.
Food waste is a huge issue and a waste all over the world. Just the Dutch through away 400.000 bread loafs per day.